Argentina has an outstanding football team, boasting two World Cup titles and some of the most admired players in history. Argentina also has an outstanding number of truants (i.e. students who skip classes). Before taking their PISA tests, almost three in five students said that they had skipped a day (or even more) of school during the prior two weeks. Argentina has more truants than any of the other 22 World Cup PISA countries!
Is that why Argentina’s footballers are so good? Does skipping classes help improve football passes?
Based on World Cup results so far, I don’t think so! The blue line in the graph shows that, on average:
- Teams that have already reached the quarter finals have more students attending all classes than the teams they beat in Round 2. For example, Colombia (only 4.4% of students skip school days) beat Uruguay (23.6%)
- Teams that lost in Round 2, in turn, do better than the teams they eliminated in the group stages. Chile (7.7%), for example, does better than Australia (31.8%).
Posted in Uncategorized
Tagged Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, Colombia, Physical education, PISA, school, skipping class, Switzerland, truancy, truants, United States, Uruguay
Tonight’s headline match brings together two Latin American big shots. Brazil and Mexico have the region’s largest economies and populations. Both won their opening group games against Croatia and Cameroon with some great tackles. And both urgently need to tackle inequality in education.
By the time Mexican students turn fifteen, the learning gap between rich and poor equates to about 1.5 years of schooling (62 PISA points in maths in 2012). In Brazil, the gap is almost two years (77 pts). Their World Cup competitors Chile (108 pts) and Uruguay (99 pts) do even worse.
The Inter-American Development Bank finds that, across Latin America, more than half of all students failed to reach the so-called PISA baseline. This means that they can’t, for example, use basic maths formulas (let alone basic football formations). In two of Brazil’s struggling regions, Alagoas and Maranhão, only about one student in seven reached this baseline!
Brazilians can be religious about their football. But guess what: when they respond to the OECD’s Better Life Index, their #1 priority is … education! Meanwhile, protesters in Brazil have hit the streets, angered by the USD 11 billion spent on hosting the World Cup and calling for more spending on public services.
President Dilma Rousseff has called this a “false dilemma”. And, despite much work to be done, Brazil has made impressive progress in education. Between 2003 and 2012, enrolment among 15-year-olds rose from 65 to 78 per cent, according to the OECD. Brazil improved more than any other country in PISA maths, and reading scores went up too. The share of “low performers” in maths fell from 75 to 67 per cent. The government has spent big and directed more funds to disadvantaged schools – Golazo!
As for tonight’s game against Croatia, I have been given exclusive access to Brazil coach Felipe Scolari’s tactics chart. It shows how Neymar and Hulk will confuse the opposition by suddenly changing their lines of attack.
Just kidding! What the chart really shows is that Brazil can make huge strides in education if it accepts a small drop in its FIFA football ranking. Just look at how reading results improved when Brazil’s FIFA ranking dropped from 1st to 5th! Continue reading
What do policymakers, football managers and parents have in common? Answer: they worry about trade-offs. Should we fund health or education with the public budget? Should we bring on an extra midfielder or bolster our defense? Should we give her an apple … or let her have chocolate?
But surely we don’t need to choose between good education policy and a winning football team!? As a concerned parent, football fan and policy advisor, I took a closer look at the 23 countries that both participate in the OECD’s PISA survey and have qualified for Brazil 2014.
The results are alarming! On average, countries drop about 7 points in PISA maths for 100 additional points in the FIFA world football rankings. Maths whizz Korea is ranked 57 in FIFA, while tiki-taka-loving Spain lies PISA 70 points behind Korea. According to the PISA team, that gap equates to almost two years of schooling!